Silene dioica

Red Campion

CARNATION & CAMPION FAMILY,  CAROPHYLLACEAE
A perennial, hairy, upright, branching biannual or perennial that grows in woodlands, along sheltered lanes, hedges and coastal cliffs. 
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It is quite common in Wales, but rare in Ireland.  
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It often crosses with white campion , especially where habitat has been disturbed. 
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The native woodland plant has expanded its habitat because it may have adapted to more open habitats due to crossings over several generations.
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A beautiful variant is grown with a double flower growing in the garden.
ID FACT FILE:
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HEIGHT:
20 -90 cm
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FLOWERS:
Dark pink, 15 – 25 mm across, male and female flowers on different plants, no odor, 5 petals deeply punctured; calyx 10 veins (male flowers) or calyx 20 veins (female flowers)
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LEAVES:
  In pairs opposite each other, roughly in the shape of a javelin, pointed, seen in winter
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FRUITS:
Cylindrical capsules, opening with 10 retractable teeth
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LOOK ALIKES:
Hybrid crosses with white campion are similar but taller plants with pale pink flowers. The marsh fritillary has petals broken into 4 deep lobes.
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Wild & Cultivated varieties
Silene dioica Gold Leaf